Hedychium Oil

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Hedychium Oil


The botanical name is Hedychium spicatum. The common name is Kapoor kachri oil. In Japan it is
called Sanna oil. This plant is commonly found in the Western Himalayas at an altitude of about
1,000 – 2,500 meters from sea level.

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of dried rhizome.

Physiochemical Properties:

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  • Colour: Yellow to brown
  • Odour: Freshly distilled oil is woody, spicy with a spicy, camphorous, fresh woody top note and increasingly spicy with a hint of cinnamon.
  • Specific Gravity at 20°C: 0.9400-0.9500
  • Refractive Index at 25°C: 1.4800 to 1.5000
  • Optical Rotation: +1 to +15

Main Constituents:

Sr. NoActive Constituent’s NamePercentage Composition (%)


Both the rhizome and the oil of this plant are stomachic, carminative, stimulant and tonic medicines. They are employed in the preparation of Abir, a fragrant colored powder used during the Holi festival and religious ceremonies in India. In dyeing, they may help to impart a pleasant smell to fabrics. They are also applied with henna to produce perfumed clothes known locally as Malagiri clothes.

The oil can be used in fragrance formulation for hair oils, to stop hair falling out, soaps and face powder. Due to its woody, spicy and peculiar root-like odor, it is used in perfume formulations. Cabotine Fragrance, which won a European award in 1994, was the flower fragrance of this plant. It blends well with jasmine, and tuberose, etc. to give a warm and spicy odor. This oil is one important component of Hina Attar employed to flavor tobacco, and incense sticks, etc.

Odour Profile:

Spicy herbaceous, earthy with camphorous undertone, increasingly spicy with a cinnamon touch

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