Botanical Name: Juniper Communis

Common Name: Houber

Location: Juniper is a shrub or a tree 5 metre in height. It grows in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh in India. In Himachal Pradesh it is found in Lahul and Spiti, Kinnour and Chamba districts.

Physiochemical Properties:

  • Colour: Very light yellow in colour
  • Odour: Peculiar odour of barriers, flavour is somewhat  burning and bitter
  • Specific Gravity at 20°C:  0.8500 to 0.8700
  • Refractive Index at 20°C: 1.4600 to 1.4800
  • Optical Rotation: 14 to 47

Main Constituents:


S.NO. Name Range
1. alpha.-Pinene 37.00-48.00
2. beta.-Myrcene 3.00-20.00
3. D-Limonene 2.50-12.50
4. Cedrol 0.50-2.50



  • Juniper berry oil is used widely in essence for flavouring beverages and liquors, particularly of the gin and sloe gin Several European liquors, e.g., Steinhager, have their characteristic flavour chiefly due to the presence of juniper berry oil.
  • The Himalayan juniper berry oil has a somewhat bitter under-tone as compared to European or “Yugoslavian” oil; therefore, its cost is However, after its double rectification it has found uses in flavoring as well as in perfume formulations for room sprayers, and as a disinfectant and deodorant. It is also used in hawan samagri.
  • Juniper berry oil is carminative, stimulant, and It is also used in genital tract disorders such as gonorrhea, gleets, leucorrhoea, and cutaneous diseases and has been known for a long time as a diuretic.
  • The distillate along with the terpene less and sesquiterpene less oils are used in flavoring special confections and candies in the following proportions:


Non-alcoholic beverages 32 ppm
Alcoholic beverages 95 ppm
Ice-cream 1.9 ppm
Candy 4.3 ppm
Baked goods 11 ppm
Gelatins & puddings 0.01 ppm
Chewing gum 0.10 ppm
Meats 200 ppm


Odour Profile: Balsamic, woody, herbal and dry spicy peculiar to berries


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