Botanical Name: Valeriana Wallichii, Valerian Jatamasni

Common Name: Mushkbala, Sugandhbala

Location: The plant occurs abundantly in the temperate region of Western Himalaya at an altitude of 1,300- 2,500m.

Physiochemical Properties:

  • Colour: Pale yellow to dark brown
  • Odour: Musky, woody balsamic and earthy
  • Specific Gravity at 20°C: 0.9500 to 0.9700
  • Refractive Index at 20°C: 1.4900 to 1.5100
  • Optical Rotation: -30 to -45

Main Constituents:

S.NO. Name Range
1. β-Patchoulene 1.50-3.50
2. α-Santalene 0.50-2.50
3. alpha.-Guaiene 6.00-8.50
4. Caryophyllene 3.00-5.50
5. Valerena-4,7(11)-diene 4.00-6.50
6. Humulene 1.50-3.50
7. α-Patchoulene 2.50-4.50
8. δ-Guaiene 1.50-3.00
9. alpha.-Guaiene 3.50-5.50
10. δ-Guaiene 0.00-1.00
11. alpha.-Maaliene 0.50-2.50
12. Maaliol 6.00-8.50
13. Patchouli alcohol 25.00-29.00



  • Used in perfumery for its musky wood and balsamic odours, which give interesting effects in combination with patchouli, costus, oakmoss, cypriol in modern chypre variations
  • Oil is used for flavoring tobacco and, in combination with hops or lipulin flavor extracts, beer or root beer.
  • Valerian is used in Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine for nervous disorders, debility, falling reflexes as hypnotic and to treat spastic disorders like chorea and gastro-spasms. It is useful for hysteria, epilepsy, shell shock and
  • The resinoid found use in modern medicine as a number of epoxy-iridoids esters, collectively known as valepotrates, improve co-ordination, diminish restlessness, anxiety and aggressiveness, and increase


Odour Profile: Musky, woody, balsamic and earthy.

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